When install a motor using capacitor for starting or running methods,we must sizing the rated of capacitor suitable with motor to get correct starting torque and avoid winding from overheating and can cause a damage.
This is basically a question of motor design.There is no straightforward regular relationship between capacitance and the motor size in kW.
When replacing these capacitors, the capacitance value and voltage should be taken from the manufacturer’s plate on the motor or from the old capacitor.This must be correct within ±5% and is sometimes stipulated down to a fraction of a μF.The choice of a running capacitor is even more limited than with a starting capacitor.
How to sizing the starting capacitor?
1) A rule of thumb has been developed over the years to help simplify this process. To select the correct capacitance value, start with 30 to 50μF/kW and adjust the value as required, while measuring motor performance.
We also can use this basic formula to calculate capacitor sizing :
2) Determine the voltage rating for capacitor.
When we select the voltage rated for capacitor,we must know the value of our power supply.For safety purpose,multiply the voltage of power supply with 30%.Factors that affect the selection of the proper voltage rating of the capacitor include:
• Voltage de-rating factor
• Safety agency requirements.
• Reliability requirements
• Maximum operating temperature
• Space available
How to sizing the running capacitor?
When selecting motor run capacitors all of the required parameters above need to be identified in an organized process. Remember that, not only are the physical and basic electrical requirements important.
But the type of dielectric material and the metallization technique should be examined.The wrong choice here can have adverse effects on the overall performance of the capacitors.Please refer to motor nameplate or contact supplier or manufacture to get a accurate value of capacitor.Safety First