Sensor Classification

Sensor classification schemes range from very simple to the complex. Depending on the classification purpose, different classification criteria may be selected. Here, we offer several practical ways to look at the sensors.

All sensors may be of two kinds: passive and active. A passive sensor does not need any additional energy source and directly generates an electric signal in response to an external stimulus; that is, the input stimulus energy is converted by the sensor into the output signal.

The examples are a thermocouple, a photodiode, and a piezoelectric sensor. Most of passive sensors are direct sensors as we defined them earlier. The active sensors require external power for their operation, which is called an excitation signal. read more

Relay Characteristics

Relay manufactures design them for special applications to full fill industries needed and coupe with advanced technologies. This time i want share information about relays characteristics most often used in typical automation and instrumentation work.

As i explained in my last posted,basically principal for small DC and AC relays,sensitive relays, miniature and sealed relays, and some small power relays is common.

To get a suitable relay for our application,we should understand about basic relay characteristic and general specification about operation and relay design because manufacture designs many types of relay for different application.

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