High voltage circuit breaker

As we know about circuit breaker is to protect electrical equipment from abnormal condition such as over load current or short circuit.For Low voltage circuit breaker,i already explain on my last post.Please read my post about miniature circuit breaker (MCB),molded case circuit breaker (MCCB) and residual current circuit breaker (RCCB) for more detail information.

For high voltage circuit breaker,the main contact mechanism normally designed with various method to avoid from damage and provide a better quenching around the contacts surface.The main purpose is to extinguishing any arcs formed as faster as possible. read more

Measuaring motor insulation using HI POT tester

When we need to evaluate the motor condition,HI-POT tester or High Potential tester is the common equipment are used.As we know,a multimeter or ohm meter reading only can determine if a motor winding is open or shorted but cannot checked winding insulation condition if shorted with ground or phase.

The main purpose of the Hi Pot tester is to verify the quality and integrity of the electric motor insulation materials used on the armature or stator and also safe to using it without any defect.

Sometime we not take a serious attention or not know about it to checked winding insulation.This step is important to ensure motor can running in good condition without any breakdown. read more

Star Delta Circuit Diagram

The most active post in Electrical Engineering Centre blog is Star delta starter and Star Delta motor connection.I received many comments and request for Star Delta circuit diagram.

So this time i want share my simple star delta circuit diagram completed with power and control line circuit.I hope it can be as basic reference for all electrician about star delta starter diagram.

Star delta starter is a common used in domestic and industry sector to drive variant application such as chiller water pump,machinery,air-compressor and many more equipment. read more

Fault protection

A new terminology for electrical currents now include all faults those between live conductors as well as earth or grounding faults.

If we not design our circuit protection properly followed standard guide,it can cause serious injury or death for human and equipment damage.

Fault current be determined at every relevant point. For small and medium installations with LV utility supplies, this is satisfied by determination of the fault currents at the incoming power supply. read more

Types of Relay

In automation industries,relay is a common device used for control application.Basic operation of  electrical relay is a device that changes the state of a circuit in response to it being energized or de-energized by that or another circuit.

It function to open or close the circuit or contact and respond depend on signal that we gave it to the magnetic coil.It have normally open and normally close contact that we can choose when design the control circuit for our application.

For generally understanding,relay also may consider as a amplifier and controller.It only a small device in automation circuit but it have important roles to make our system running accordingly. read more

Distribution substations

For electrical power distribution,substation is the one important component to serve,distributing and regulated an electricity to building,factory or private living area.

Normally substations have the several required equipment such as power transformers and the voltage-regulating device for converting the high incoming sub-transmission voltages to low voltage primary system and ensure it in specified voltage tolerances.

The others basic equipment in substations includes circuit breakers, switches, bus bars, shunt coil reactor, power factor correction capacitors, lightning arresters, read more

Thermal model protection for Soft starter

Motor protection is the one of important criteria that we must consider when design the application to avoid serious damage or injury.

Normally we used thermal overload relay to protect electric motor from overload current problem.But if we used soft starter to driven our motor application,the suitable types of protection is using the motor thermal model.

This types provide more precise protection for electric motor and it more accurate and efficient.It only available for high end motor protection relay for conventional starter. read more